Cat"e*go*ry (?), n.; pl.
Categories (#). [L. categoria, Gr. ?,
fr. ? to accuse, affirm, predicate; ? down, against + ? to
harrangue, assert, fr. ? assembly.] 1.
(Logic.) One of the highest classes to which the
objects of knowledge or thought can be reduced, and by which they
can be arranged in a system; an ultimate or undecomposable
conception; a predicament.
The categories or predicaments -- the
former a Greek word, the latter its literal translation in the
Latin language -- were intended by Aristotle and his followers as
an enumeration of all things capable of being named; an
enumeration by the summa genera i.e., the most extensive
classes into which things could be distributed.
J. S. Mill.
2. Class; also, state, condition, or
predicament; as, we are both in the same
There is in modern literature a whole class of
writers standing within the same category.