Fine, v. t. [From Fine,
n.] To impose a pecuniary penalty upon for an
offense or breach of law; to set a fine on by judgment of a court; to
punish by fine; to mulct; as, the trespassers were fined ten
Fine (fīn), v. i. To become
fine (in any one of various senses); as, the ale will fine; the
To fine away, down, off,
gradually to become fine; to diminish; to dwindle.
I watched her [the ship] . . . gradually fining
down in the westward until I lost of her hull. W. C.
Fine (fīn), a.
[Compar. Finer (?);
superl. Finest.] [F. fin, LL.
finus fine, pure, fr. L. finire to finish; cf.
finitus, p. p., finished, completed (hence the sense
accomplished, perfect.) See Finish, and cf.
Finite.] 1. Finished; brought to
perfection; refined; hence, free from impurity; excellent; superior;
elegant; worthy of admiration; accomplished; beautiful.
The gain thereof [is better] than fine
gold. Prov. iii. 14.
A cup of wine that's brisk and
Not only the finest gentleman of his time, but
one of the finest scholars. Felton.
To soothe the sick bed of so fine a being
[Keats]. Leigh Hunt.
2. Aiming at show or effect; loaded with
ornament; overdressed or overdecorated; showy.
He gratified them with occasional . . . fine
writing. M. Arnold.
3. Nice; delicate; subtle; exquisite; artful;
The spider's touch, how exquisitely
The nicest and most delicate touches of satire consist
in fine raillery. Dryden.
He has as fine a hand at picking a pocket as a
woman. T. Gray.
4. Not coarse, gross, or heavy; as:
(a) Not gross; subtile; thin; tenous.
The eye standeth in the finer medium and the
object in the grosser. Bacon.
(b) Not coarse; comminuted; in small
particles; as, fine sand or flour. (c)
Not thick or heavy; slender; filmy; as, a fine
thread. (d) Thin; attenuate; keen; as, a
fine edge. (e) Made of fine
materials; light; delicate; as, fine linen or silk.
5. Having (such) a proportion of pure metal
in its composition; as, coins nine tenths fine.
6. (Used ironically.)
Ye have made a fine hand, fellows.
☞ Fine is often compounded with participles and
adjectives, modifying them adverbially; a, fine-drawn,
fine-featured, fine-grained, fine-spoken,
Fine arch (Glass Making), the smaller
fritting furnace of a glasshouse. Knight. -- Fine
arts. See the Note under Art. --
Fine cut, fine cut tobacco; a kind of chewing
tobacco cut up into shreds. -- Fine goods,
woven fabrics of fine texture and quality. McElrath.
-- Fine stuff, lime, or a mixture of lime,
plaster, etc., used as material for the finishing coat in
plastering. -- To sail fine (Naut.),
to sail as close to the wind as possible.
Syn. -- Fine, Beautiful. When used as a word
of praise, fine (being opposed to coarse) denotes no
"ordinary thing of its kind." It is not as strong as
beautiful, in reference to the single attribute implied in the
latter term; but when we speak of a fine woman, we include a
greater variety of particulars, viz., all the qualities which become
a woman, -- breeding, sentiment, tact, etc. The term is equally
comprehensive when we speak of a fine garden, landscape,
horse, poem, etc.; and, though applied to a great variety of objects,
the word has still a very definite sense, denoting a high degree of
Fine, v. t. [imp. & p.
p. Fined (fīnd); p. pr. & vb.
n. Fining.] [From Fine, a.]
1. To make fine; to refine; to purify, to
clarify; as, to fine gold.
It hath been fined and refined by . . . learned
2. To make finer, or less coarse, as in bulk,
texture, etc.; as. to fine the soil. L. H.
3. To change by fine gradations; as
(Naut.), to fine down a ship's lines, to diminish her
I often sate at home
On evenings, watching how they fined themselves
With gradual conscience to a perfect night.
Fine (?), n. [OE. fin, L.
finis end, also in LL., a final agreement or concord
between the lord and his vassal; a sum of money paid at the
end, so as to make an end of a transaction, suit, or
prosecution; mulct; penalty; cf. OF. fin end, settlement, F.
fin end. See Finish, and cf. Finance.]
1. End; conclusion; termination;
extinction. [Obs.] "To see their fatal fine."
Is this the fine of his fines?
2. A sum of money paid as the settlement of a
claim, or by way of terminating a matter in dispute; especially, a
payment of money imposed upon a party as a punishment for an offense;
3. (Law) (a) (Feudal
Law) A final agreement concerning lands or rents between
persons, as the lord and his vassal. Spelman.
(b) (Eng. Law) A sum of money or price
paid for obtaining a benefit, favor, or privilege, as for admission
to a copyhold, or for obtaining or renewing a lease.
Fine for alienation (Feudal Law), a
sum of money paid to the lord by a tenant whenever he had occasion to
make over his land to another. Burrill. -- Fine
of lands, a species of conveyance in the form of a
fictitious suit compromised or terminated by the acknowledgment of
the previous owner that such land was the right of the other
party. Burrill. See Concord, n.,
4. -- In fine, in conclusion; by way of
termination or summing up.
Fine (?), adv. 1.
Finely; well; elegantly; fully; delicately; mincingly.
[Obs., Dial., or Colloq.]
2. (Billiards & Pool) In a manner so
that the driven ball strikes the object ball so far to one side as to
be deflected but little, the object ball being driven to one
Fine, v. i. To pay a fine. See
Fine, n., 3 (b).
Men fined for the king's good will; or that he
would remit his anger; women fined for leave to
Fine, v. t. & i. [OF. finer, F.
finir. See Finish, v. t.] To
finish; to cease; or to cause to cease. [Obs.]