Foul, n. In various games or
sports, an act done contrary to the rules; a foul stroke, hit, play,
or the like.
Foul (foul), n. [See Fowl.]
A bird. [Obs.] Chaucer.
Foul (foul), a.
[Compar. Fouler (-ẽr);
superl. Foulest.] [OE. foul,
ful, AS. fūl; akin to D. vuil, G.
faul rotten, OHG. fūl, Icel. fūl
foul, fetid; Dan. fuul, Sw. ful foul, Goth.
fūls fetid, Lith. puti to be putrid, L.
putere to stink, be putrid, pus pus, Gr.
py`on pus, to cause to rot, Skr. pūy to
stink. √82. Cf. Defile to foul, File to foul,
Filth, Pus, Putrid.] 1.
Covered with, or containing, extraneous matter which is
injurious, noxious, offensive, or obstructive; filthy; dirty; not
clean; polluted; nasty; defiled; as, a foul cloth; foul
hands; a foul chimney; foul air; a ship's bottom is
foul when overgrown with barnacles; a gun becomes foul
from repeated firing; a well is foul with polluted
My face is foul with weeping.
Job. xvi. 16.
2. Scurrilous; obscene or profane; abusive;
as, foul words; foul language.
3. Hateful; detestable; shameful; odious;
wretched. "The foul with Sycorax." Shak.
Who first seduced them to that foul
4. Loathsome; disgusting; as, a foul
5. Ugly; homely; poor. [Obs.]
Let us, like merchants, show our foulest
6. Not favorable; unpropitious; not fair or
advantageous; as, a foul wind; a foul road; cloudy or
rainy; stormy; not fair; -- said of the weather, sky, etc.
So foul a sky clears not without a
7. Not conformed to the established rules and
customs of a game, conflict, test, etc.; unfair; dishonest;
dishonorable; cheating; as, foul play.
8. Having freedom of motion interfered with
by collision or entanglement; entangled; -- opposed to clear;
as, a rope or cable may get foul while paying it
Foul anchor. (Naut.) See under
Anchor. -- Foul ball (Baseball),
a ball that first strikes the ground outside of the foul ball
lines, or rolls outside of certain limits. -- Foul ball
lines (Baseball), lines from the home base,
through the first and third bases, to the boundary of the field.
-- Foul berth (Naut.), a berth in which
a ship is in danger of fouling another vesel. -- Foul
bill, or Foul bill of health, a
certificate, duly authenticated, that a ship has come from a place
where a contagious disorder prevails, or that some of the crew are
infected. -- Foul copy, a rough draught,
with erasures and corrections; -- opposed to fair or clean
copy. "Some writers boast of negligence, and others would be
ashamed to show their foul copies." Cowper. --
Foul proof, an uncorrected proof; a proof
containing an excessive quantity of errors. -- Foul
strike (Baseball), a strike by the batsman when
any part of his person is outside of the lines of his position.
-- To fall foul, to fall out; to quarrel.
[Obs.] "If they be any ways offended, they fall foul."
Burton. -- To fall, or
run, foul of. See under
Fall. -- To make foul water, to
sail in such shallow water that the ship's keel stirs the mud at the
Foul (?), v. t. [imp. & p.
p. Fouled (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
Fouling.] 1. To make filthy; to defile;
to daub; to dirty; to soil; as, to foul the face or hands with
2. (Mil.) To incrust (the bore of a
gun) with burnt powder in the process of firing.
3. To cover (a ship's bottom) with anything
that impered its sailing; as, a bottom fouled with
4. To entangle, so as to impede motion; as,
to foul a rope or cable in paying it out; to come into
collision with; as, one boat fouled the other in a
Foul, v. i. 1. To
become clogged with burnt powder in the process of firing, as a
2. To become entagled, as ropes; to come into
collision with something; as, the two boats fouled.
Foul, n. 1. An
entanglement; a collision, as in a boat race.
2. (Baseball) See Foul ball,
under Foul, a.