Im"age (?), n. [F., fr. L.
imago, imaginis, from the root of imitari to
imitate. See Imitate, and cf. Imagine.]
1. An imitation, representation, or similitude
of any person, thing, or act, sculptured, drawn, painted, or
otherwise made perceptible to the sight; a visible presentation; a
copy; a likeness; an effigy; a picture; a semblance.
Even like a stony image, cold and
Whose is this image and
superscription? Matt. xxii. 20.
This play is the image of a murder done in
And God created man in his own
image. Gen. i. 27.
2. Hence: The likeness of anything to which
worship is paid; an idol. Chaucer.
Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image,
. . . thou shalt not bow down thyself to them. Ex.
xx. 4, 5.
3. Show; appearance; cast.
The face of things a frightful image
4. A representation of anything to the mind;
a picture drawn by the fancy; a conception; an idea.
Can we conceive
Image of aught delightful, soft, or great?
5. (Rhet.) A picture, example, or
illustration, often taken from sensible objects, and used to
illustrate a subject; usually, an extended metaphor. Brande
6. (Opt.) The figure or picture of any
object formed at the focus of a lens or mirror, by rays of light from
the several points of the object symmetrically refracted or reflected
to corresponding points in such focus; this may be received on a
screen, a photographic plate, or the retina of the eye, and viewed
directly by the eye, or with an eyeglass, as in the telescope and
microscope; the likeness of an object formed by reflection; as, to
see one's image in a mirror.
Electrical image. See under
Electrical. -- Image breaker, one
who destroys images; an iconoclast. -- Image
graver, Image maker, a sculptor.
-- Image worship, the worship of images as
symbols; iconolatry distinguished from idolatry; the worship of
images themselves. -- Image Purkinje
(Physics), the image of the retinal blood vessels
projected in, not merely on, that membrane. -- Virtual
image (Optics), a point or system of points, on
one side of a mirror or lens, which, if it existed, would emit the
system of rays which actually exists on the other side of the mirror
or lens. Clerk Maxwell.
Im"age (?), v. t. [imp. & p.
p. Imaged (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
Imaging (?).] 1. To represent or form an
image of; as, the still lake imaged the shore; the mirror
imaged her figure. "Shrines of imaged saints."
2. To represent to the mental vision; to form
a likeness of by the fancy or recollection; to imagine.
Condemn'd whole years in absence to deplore,
And image charms he must behold no more.