Lift, n. 1. Act of
lifting; also, that which is lifted.
2. The space or distance through which
anything is lifted; as, a long lift. Bacon.
3. Help; assistance, as by lifting; as, to
give one a lift in a wagon. [Colloq.]
The goat gives the fox a lift.
4. That by means of which a person or thing
lifts or is lifted; as: (a) A hoisting
machine; an elevator; a dumb waiter. (b) A
handle. (c) An exercising
5. A rise; a degree of elevation; as, the
lift of a lock in canals.
6. A lift gate. See Lift gate,
below. [Prov. Eng.]
7. (Naut.) A rope leading from the
masthead to the extremity of a yard below; -- used for raising or
supporting the end of the yard.
8. (Mach.) One of the steps of a cone
9. (Shoemaking) A layer of leather in
10. (Horology) That portion of the
vibration of a balance during which the impulse is given.
Dead lift. See under Dead.
Swift. -- Lift bridge, a kind of
drawbridge, the movable part of which is lifted, instead of being
drawn aside. -- Lift gate, a gate that is
opened by lifting. -- Lift hammer. See
Tilt hammer. -- Lift lock, a canal
lock. -- Lift pump, a lifting pump. -
- Lift tenter (Windmills), a governor
for regulating the speed by adjusting the sails, or for adjusting the
action of grinding machinery according to the speed. --
Lift wall (Canal Lock), the cross wall
at the head of the lock.
Lift (lĭft), v. i.
1. To try to raise something; to exert the
strength for raising or bearing.
Strained by lifting at a weight too
2. To rise; to become or appear raised or
elevated; as, the fog lifts; the land lifts to a ship
3. [See Lift, v. t., 5.]
To live by theft. Spenser.
Lift (lĭft), v. t. [imp.
& p. p. Lifted; p. pr. & vb. n.
Lifting.] [Icel. lypta, fr. lopt air; akin to
Sw. lyfta to lift, Dan. löfte, G.
lüften; -- prop., to raise into the air. See Loft,
and cf. 1st Lift.] 1. To move in a
direction opposite to that of gravitation; to raise; to elevate; to
bring up from a lower place to a higher; to upheave; sometimes
implying a continued support or holding in the higher place; -- said
of material things; as, to lift the foot or the hand; to
lift a chair or a burden.
2. To raise, elevate, exalt, improve, in
rank, condition, estimation, character, etc.; -- often with
The Roman virtues lift up mortal
Lest, being lifted up with pride.
1 Tim. iii. 6.
3. To bear; to support. [Obs.]
4. To collect, as moneys due; to
5. [Perh. a different word, and akin to Goth.
hliftus thief, hlifan to steal, L. clepere, Gr.
kle`ptein. Cf. Shoplifter.] To steal; to
carry off by theft (esp. cattle); as, to lift a drove of
☞ In old writers, lift is sometimes used for
He ne'er lift up his hand but
To lift up, to raise or elevate; in the
Scriptures, specifically, to elevate upon the cross. John
viii. 28. -- To lift up the eyes. To look
up; to raise the eyes, as in prayer. Ps. cxxi. 1. --
To lift up the feet, to come speedily to one's
relief. Ps. lxxiv. 3. -- To lift up the
hand. (a) To take an oath. Gen.
xiv. 22. (b) To pray. Ps. xxviii.
2. (c) To engage in duty. Heb. xii.
12. -- To lift up the hand against, to
rebel against; to assault; to attack; to injure; to oppress.
Job xxxi. 21. -- To lift up one's head,
to cause one to be exalted or to rejoice. Gen. xl.
13. Luke xxi. 28. -- To lift up the heel
against, to treat with insolence or unkindness.
John xiii.18. -- To lift up the voice,
to cry aloud; to call out. Gen. xxi. 16.
Lift (lĭft), n. [AS. lyft
air. See Loft.] The sky; the atmosphere; the
firmament. [Obs. or Scot.]