Pain (?), n. [OE. peine, F.
peine, fr. L. poena, penalty, punishment, torment, pain;
akin to Gr. ? penalty. Cf. Penal, Pine to
languish, Punish.] 1. Punishment suffered
or denounced; suffering or evil inflicted as a punishment for crime,
or connected with the commission of a crime; penalty.
We will, by way of mulct or pain, lay it upon
Interpose, on pain of my
None shall presume to fly, under pain of
2. Any uneasy sensation in animal bodies, from
slight uneasiness to extreme distress or torture, proceeding from a
derangement of functions, disease, or injury by violence; bodily
distress; bodily suffering; an ache; a smart. "The pain
of Jesus Christ." Chaucer.
☞ Pain may occur in any part of the body where sensory
nerves are distributed, and it is always due to some kind of
stimulation of them. The sensation is generally referred to the
peripheral end of the nerve.
3. pl. Specifically, the throes or
travail of childbirth.
She bowed herself and travailed, for her pains
came upon her. 1 Sam. iv. 19.
4. Uneasiness of mind; mental distress;
disquietude; anxiety; grief; solicitude; anguish.
In rapture as in pain.
5. See Pains, labor, effort.
Bill of pains and penalties. See under
Bill. -- To die in the pain, to be
tortured to death. [Obs.] Chaucer.
Pain, v. t. [imp. & p.
p. Pained (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
Paining.] [OE. peinen, OF. pener, F.
peiner to fatigue. See Pain, n.]
1. To inflict suffering upon as a penalty; to
punish. [Obs.] Wyclif (Acts xxii. 5).
2. To put to bodily uneasiness or anguish; to
afflict with uneasy sensations of any degree of intensity; to torment;
to torture; as, his dinner or his wound pained him; his stomach
Excess of cold, as well as heat, pains
3. To render uneasy in mind; to disquiet; to
distress; to grieve; as a child's faults pain his
I am pained at my very heart.
Jer. iv. 19.
To pain one's self, to exert or trouble one's
self; to take pains; to be solicitous. [Obs.] "She pained
her to do all that she might." Chaucer.
Syn. -- To disquiet; trouble; afflict; grieve; aggrieve;
distress; agonize; torment; torture.