Part, adv. Partly; in a
measure. [R.] Shak.
Part (?), n. [F. part, L.
pars, gen. partis; cf. parere to bring forth,
produce. Cf. Parent, Depart, Parcel,
Partner, Party, Portion.] 1.
One of the portions, equal or unequal, into which anything is
divided, or regarded as divided; something less than a whole; a
number, quantity, mass, or the like, regarded as going to make up,
with others, a larger number, quantity, mass, etc., whether actually
separate or not; a piece; a fragment; a fraction; a division; a
member; a constituent.
And kept back part of the price, . . . and
brought a certain part and laid it at the
apostles'feet. Acts v. 2.
Our ideas of extension and number -- do they not
contain a secret relation of the parts ?
I am a part of all that I have met.
2. Hence, specifically: (a) An
equal constituent portion; one of several or many like quantities,
numbers, etc., into which anything is divided, or of which it is
composed; proportional division or ingredient.
An homer is the tenth part of an
ephah. Ex. xvi. 36.
A thought which, quartered, hath but one part
And ever three parts coward.
(b) A constituent portion of a living or
spiritual whole; a member; an organ; an essential element.
All the parts were formed . . . into one
harmonious body. Locke.
The pulse, the glow of every part.
(c) A constituent of character or capacity;
quality; faculty; talent; -- usually in the plural with a collective
sense. "Men of considerable parts." Burke. "Great
quickness of parts." Macaulay.
Which maintained so politic a state of evil, that they
will not admit any good part to intermingle with
(d) Quarter; region; district; -- usually in
the plural. "The uttermost part of the heaven." Neh.
All parts resound with tumults, plaints, and
(e) (Math.) Such portion of any
quantity, as when taken a certain number of times, will exactly make
that quantity; as, 3 is a part of 12; -- the opposite of
multiple. Also, a line or other element of a geometrical
3. That which belongs to one, or which is
assumed by one, or which falls to one, in a division or apportionment;
share; portion; lot; interest; concern; duty; office.
We have no part in David. 2 Sam.
Accuse not Nature! she hath done her part; Milton.
Do thou but thine.
Let me bear
My part of danger with an equal share.
4. Hence, specifically: (a)
One of the opposing parties or sides in a conflict or a
controversy; a faction.
For he that is not against us is on our
part. Mark ix. 40.
Make whole kingdoms take her brother's
(b) A particular character in a drama or a
play; an assumed personification; also, the language, actions, and
influence of a character or an actor in a play; or, figuratively, in
real life. See To act a part, under Act.
Was aptly fitted and naturally performed.
It was a brute part of him to kill so capital a
Honor and shame from no condition rise;
Act well your part, there all the honor lies.
(c) (Mus.) One of the different
melodies of a concerted composition, which heard in union compose its
harmony; also, the music for each voice or instrument; as, the treble,
tenor, or bass part; the violin part, etc.
For my part, so far as concerns me; for my
share. -- For the most part. See under
Most, a. -- In good
part, as well done; favorably; acceptably; in a friendly
manner. Hooker. -- In ill part,
unfavorably; with displeasure. -- In part,
in some degree; partly. -- Part and parcel,
an essential or constituent portion; -- a reduplicative phrase.
Cf. might and main, kith and kin, etc. "She was . .
. part and parcel of the race and place." Howitt. --
Part of speech (Gram.), a sort or class
of words of a particular character; thus, the noun is a part of
speech denoting the name of a thing; the verb is a part of
speech which asserts something of the subject of a sentence.
-- Part owner (Law), one of several
owners or tenants in common. See Joint tenant, under
Joint. -- Part singing, singing in
which two or more of the harmonic parts are taken. --
Part song, a song in two or more (commonly four)
distinct vocal parts. "A part song differs from a madrigal
in its exclusion of contrapuntual devices; from a glee, in its being
sung by many voices, instead of by one only, to each part." Stainer
Syn. -- Portion; section; division; fraction; fragment;
piece; share; constituent. See Portion, and Section.
Part (?), v. t. [imp. & p.
p. Parted; p. pr. & vb. n.
Parting.] [F. partir, L. partire, partiri,
p. p. partitus, fr. pars, gen. partis, a part.
See Part, n.]
1. To divide; to separate into distinct parts;
to break into two or more parts or pieces; to sever. "Thou shalt
part it in pieces." Lev. ii. 6.
There, [celestial love] parted into rainbow
2. To divide into shares; to divide and
distribute; to allot; to apportion; to share.
To part his throne, and share his heaven with
They parted my raiment among them.
John xix. 24.
3. To separate or disunite; to cause to go
apart; to remove from contact or contiguity; to sunder.
The Lord do so to me, and more also, if aught but death
part thee and me. Ruth i. 17.
While he blessed them, he was parted from them,
and carried up into heaven. Luke xxiv. 51.
The narrow seas that part Shak.
The French and English.
4. Hence: To hold apart; to stand between; to
intervene betwixt, as combatants.
The stumbling night did part our weary
5. To separate by a process of extraction,
elimination, or secretion; as, to part gold from
The liver minds his own affair, . . .
And parts and strains the vital juices.
6. To leave; to quit. [Obs.]
Since presently your souls must part your
To part a cable (Naut.), to break
it. -- To part company, to separate, as
travelers or companions.
Part, v. i. 1. To
be broken or divided into parts or pieces; to break; to become
separated; to go asunder; as, rope parts; his hair parts
in the middle.
2. To go away; to depart; to take leave; to
quit each other; hence, to die; -- often with from.
He wrung Bassanio's hand, and so they
He owned that he had parted from the duke only a
few hours before. Macaulay.
His precious bag, which he would by no means
part from. G. Eliot.
3. To perform an act of parting; to relinquish
a connection of any kind; -- followed by with or
Celia, for thy sake, I part Waller.
With all that grew so near my heart.
Powerful hands . . . will not part Milton.
Easily from possession won with arms.
It was strange to him that a father should feel no
tenderness at parting with an only son. A.
4. To have a part or share; to partake.
[Obs.] "They shall part alike." 1 Sam. xxx. 24.