Range (rānj), v. t. [imp.
& p. p. Ranged (rānjd); p. pr. & vb.
n. Ranging (rān"jĭng).] [OE.
rengen, OF. rengier, F. ranger, OF. renc
row, rank, F. rang; of German origin. See Rank,
n.] 1. To set in a row, or in
rows; to place in a regular line or lines, or in ranks; to dispose in
the proper order; to rank; as, to range soldiers in
Maccabeus ranged his army by bands.
2 Macc. xii. 20.
2. To place (as a single individual) among
others in a line, row, or order, as in the ranks of an army; --
usually, reflexively and figuratively, (in the sense) to espouse a
cause, to join a party, etc.
It would be absurd in me to range myself on the
side of the Duke of Bedford and the corresponding
3. To separate into parts; to sift.
4. To dispose in a classified or in systematic
order; to arrange regularly; as, to range plants and animals in
genera and species.
5. To rove over or through; as, to
range the fields.
Teach him to range the ditch, and force the
6. To sail or pass in a direction parallel to
or near; as, to range the coast.
☞ Compare the last two senses (5 and 6) with the French
ranger une côte.
7. (Biol.) To be native to, or to live
in; to frequent.
Range, v. i. 1. To
rove at large; to wander without restraint or direction; to
Like a ranging spaniel that barks at every bird
he sees. Burton.
2. To have range; to change or differ within
limits; to be capable of projecting, or to admit of being projected,
especially as to horizontal distance; as, the temperature
ranged through seventy degrees Fahrenheit; the gun
ranges three miles; the shot ranged four
3. To be placed in order; to be ranked; to
admit of arrangement or classification; to rank.
And range with humble livers in
4. To have a certain direction; to correspond
in direction; to be or keep in a corresponding line; to trend or run;
-- often followed by with; as, the front of a house
ranges with the street; to range along the
Which way the forests range.
5. (Biol.) To be native to, or live in,
a certain district or region; as, the peba ranges from Texas to
Syn. -- To rove; roam; ramble; wander; stroll.
Range, n. [From Range,
v.: cf. F. rangée.] 1.
A series of things in a line; a row; a rank; as, a range
of buildings; a range of mountains.
2. An aggregate of individuals in one rank or
degree; an order; a class.
The next range of beings above him are the
immaterial intelligences. Sir M. Hale.
3. The step of a ladder; a rung.
4. A kitchen grate. [Obs.]
He was bid at his first coming to take off the
range, and let down the cinders.
5. An extended cooking apparatus of cast iron,
set in brickwork, and affording conveniences for various ways of
cooking; also, a kind of cooking stove.
6. A bolting sieve to sift meal. [Obs.
or Prov. Eng.]
7. A wandering or roving; a going to and fro;
an excursion; a ramble; an expedition.
He may take a range all the world
8. That which may be ranged over; place or
room for excursion; especially, a region of country in which cattle or
sheep may wander and pasture.
9. Extent or space taken in by anything
excursive; compass or extent of excursion; reach; scope; discursive
power; as, the range of one's voice, or authority.
Far as creation's ample range
The range and compass of Hammond's knowledge
filled the whole circle of the arts. Bp. Fell.
A man has not enough range of
10. (Biol.) The region within which a
plant or animal naturally lives.
11. (Gun.) (a) The
horizontal distance to which a shot or other projectile is
carried. (b) Sometimes, less properly, the
trajectory of a shot or projectile. (c) A
place where shooting, as with cannons or rifles, is
12. In the public land system of the United
States, a row or line of townships lying between two successive
meridian lines six miles apart.
☞ The meridians included in each great survey are numbered in
order east and west from the "principal meridian" of that survey, and
the townships in the range are numbered north and south from the "base
line," which runs east and west; as, township No. 6, N., range
7, W., from the fifth principal meridian.
13. (Naut.) See Range of cable,
Range of accommodation (Optics), the
distance between the near point and the far point of distinct vision,
-- usually measured and designated by the strength of the lens which
if added to the refracting media of the eye would cause the rays from
the near point to appear as if they came from the far point. --
Range finder (Gunnery), an instrument, or
apparatus, variously constructed, for ascertaining the distance of an
inaccessible object, -- used to determine what elevation must be given
to a gun in order to hit the object; a position finder. --
Range of cable (Naut.), a certain length
of slack cable ranged along the deck preparatory to letting go the
anchor. -- Range work (Masonry),
masonry of squared stones laid in courses each of which is of even
height throughout the length of the wall; -- distinguished from
broken range work, which consists of squared stones laid in
courses not continuously of even height. -- To get the
range of (an object) (Gun.), to find the angle at
which the piece must be raised to reach (the object) without carrying