Roll (?), v. t. [imp. & p.
p. Rolled (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
Rolling.] [OF. roeler, roler, F. rouler,
LL. rotulare, fr. L. royulus, rotula, a little
wheel, dim. of rota wheel; akin to G. rad, and to Skr.
ratha car, chariot. Cf. Control, Roll,
n., Rotary.] 1. To cause
to revolve by turning over and over; to move by turning on an axis; to
impel forward by causing to turn over and over on a supporting
surface; as, to roll a wheel, a ball, or a barrel.
2. To wrap round on itself; to form into a
spherical or cylindrical body by causing to turn over and over; as, to
roll a sheet of paper; to roll parchment; to roll
clay or putty into a ball.
3. To bind or involve by winding, as in a
bandage; to inwrap; -- often with up; as, to roll up a
4. To drive or impel forward with an easy
motion, as of rolling; as, a river rolls its waters to the
The flood of Catholic reaction was rolled over
Europe. J. A. Symonds.
5. To utter copiously, esp. with sounding
words; to utter with a deep sound; -- often with forth, or
out; as, to roll forth some one's praises; to
roll out sentences.
Who roll'd the psalm to wintry
6. To press or level with a roller; to spread
or form with a roll, roller, or rollers; as, to roll a field;
to roll paste; to roll steel rails, etc.
7. To move, or cause to be moved, upon, or by
means of, rollers or small wheels.
8. To beat with rapid, continuous strokes, as
a drum; to sound a roll upon.
9. (Geom.) To apply (one line or
surface) to another without slipping; to bring all the parts of (one
line or surface) into successive contact with another, in suck manner
that at every instant the parts that have been in contact are
10. To turn over in one's mind; to
Full oft in heart he rolleth up and down
The beauty of these florins new and bright.
To roll one's self, to wallow. --
To roll the eye, to direct its axis hither and
thither in quick succession. -- To roll one's
r's, to utter the letter r with a trill.
Roll, v. i. 1. To
move, as a curved object may, along a surface by rotation without
sliding; to revolve upon an axis; to turn over and over; as, a ball or
wheel rolls on the earth; a body rolls on an inclined
And her foot, look you, is fixed upon a spherical
stone, which rolls, and rolls, and
2. To move on wheels; as, the carriage
rolls along the street. "The rolling chair."
3. To be wound or formed into a cylinder or
ball; as, the cloth rolls unevenly; the snow rolls
4. To fall or tumble; -- with over; as,
a stream rolls over a precipice.
5. To perform a periodical revolution; to move
onward as with a revolution; as, the rolling year; ages
6. To turn; to move circularly.
And his red eyeballs roll with living
7. To move, as waves or billows, with
alternate swell and depression.
What different sorrows did within thee
8. To incline first to one side, then to the
other; to rock; as, there is a great difference in ships about
rolling; in a general semse, to be tossed about.
Twice ten tempestuous nights I
9. To turn over, or from side to side, while
lying down; to wallow; as, a horse rolls.
10. To spread under a roller or rolling-pin;
as, the paste rolls well.
11. To beat a drum with strokes so rapid that
they can scarcely be distinguished by the ear.
12. To make a loud or heavy rumbling noise;
as, the thunder rolls.
To roll about, to gad abroad. [Obs.]
Man shall not suffer his wife go roll
Roll, n. [F. rôle a roll
(in sense 3), fr. L. rotulus ? little wheel, LL., a roll,
dim. of L. rota a wheel. See Roll, v.,
and cf. Rôle, Rouleau, Roulette.]
1. The act of rolling, or state of being rolled;
as, the roll of a ball; the roll of waves.
2. That which rolls; a roller.
Specifically: (a) A heavy cylinder used to break
clods. Mortimer. (b) One of a set of
revolving cylinders, or rollers, between which metal is pressed,
formed, or smoothed, as in a rolling mill; as, to pass rails through
3. That which is rolled up; as, a roll
of fat, of wool, paper, cloth, etc. Specifically:
(a) A document written on a piece of parchment,
paper, or other materials which may be rolled up; a scroll.
Busy angels spread
The lasting roll, recording what we say.
(b) Hence, an official or public document; a
register; a record; also, a catalogue; a list.
The rolls of Parliament, the entry of the
petitions, answers, and transactions in Parliament, are
extant. Sir M. Hale.
The roll and list of that army doth
remain. Sir J. Davies.
(c) A quantity of cloth wound into a
cylindrical form; as, a roll of carpeting; a roll of
ribbon. (d) A cylindrical twist of
4. A kind of shortened raised biscuit or
bread, often rolled or doubled upon itself.
5. (Naut.) The oscillating movement of
a vessel from side to side, in sea way, as distinguished from the
alternate rise and fall of bow and stern called
6. A heavy, reverberatory sound; as, the
roll of cannon, or of thunder.
7. The uniform beating of a drum with strokes
so rapid as scarcely to be distinguished by the ear.
8. Part; office; duty; rôle.
Long roll (Mil.), a prolonged roll of
the drums, as the signal of an attack by the enemy, and for the troops
to arrange themselves in line. -- Master of the
rolls. See under Master. -- Roll
call, the act, or the time, of calling over a list
names, as among soldiers. -- Rolls of court,
of parliament (or of any public body), the
parchments or rolls on which the acts and proceedings of that body are
engrossed by the proper officer, and which constitute the records of
such public body. -- To call the roll, to
call off or recite a list or roll of names of persons belonging to an
organization, in order to ascertain who are present or to obtain
responses from those present.
Syn. -- List; schedule; catalogue; register; inventory. See