Sal"a*man`der (?), n. [F.
salamandre, L. salamandra, Gr. ?; cf. Per.
samander, samandel.] 1.
(Zoöl.) Any one of numerous species of Urodela,
belonging to Salamandra, Amblystoma, Plethodon,
and various allied genera, especially those that are more or less
terrestrial in their habits.
☞ The salamanders have, like lizards, an elongated body, four
feet, and a long tail, but are destitute of scales. They are true
Amphibia, related to the frogs. Formerly, it was a superstition that
the salamander could live in fire without harm, and even extinguish it
by the natural coldness of its body.
I have maintained that salamander of yours with
fire any time this two and thirty years. Shak.
Whereas it is commonly said that a salamander
extinguisheth fire, we have found by experience that on hot coals, it
dieth immediately. Sir T. Browne.
2. (Zoöl.) The pouched gopher
(Geomys tuza) of the Southern United States.
3. A culinary utensil of metal with a plate or
disk which is heated, and held over pastry, etc., to brown
4. A large poker. [Prov. Eng.]
5. (Metal.) Solidified material in a
Giant salamander. (Zoöl.) See
under Giant. -- Salamander's
hair or wool (Min.), a species of
asbestus or mineral flax. [Obs.] Bacon.