Sen"tence, v. t. [imp. & p.
p. Sentenced (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
Sentencing (?).] 1. To pass or pronounce
judgment upon; to doom; to condemn to punishment; to prescribe the
Nature herself is sentenced in your
2. To decree or announce as a sentence.
3. To utter sententiously. [Obs.]
Sen"tence (?), n. [F., from L.
sententia, for sentientia, from sentire to
discern by the senses and the mind, to feel, to think. See
Sense, n., and cf. Sentiensi.]
1. Sense; meaning; significance. [Obs.]
Tales of best sentence and most
The discourse itself, voluble enough, and full of
2. (a) An opinion; a decision;
a determination; a judgment, especially one of an unfavorable
My sentence is for open war.
That by them [Luther's works] we may pass
sentence upon his doctrines. Atterbury.
(b) A philosophical or theological opinion; a
dogma; as, Summary of the Sentences; Book of the
3. (Law) In civil and admiralty law,
the judgment of a court pronounced in a cause; in criminal and
ecclesiastical courts, a judgment passed on a criminal by a court or
judge; condemnation pronounced by a judgical tribunal; doom. In common
law, the term is exclusively used to denote the judgment in criminal
Received the sentence of the law.
4. A short saying, usually containing moral
instruction; a maxim; an axiom; a saw. Broome.
5. (Gram.) A combination of words which
is complete as expressing a thought, and in writing is marked at the
close by a period, or full point. See Proposition, 4.
☞ Sentences are simple or compound. A simple sentence
consists of one subject and one finite verb; as, "The Lord reigns." A
compound sentence contains two or more subjects and finite verbs, as
in this verse: -
He fills, he bounds, connects, and equals
Dark sentence, a saving not easily
A king . . . understanding dark
sentences. Dan. vii. 23.