Suf"fer*ance (?), n. [OE.
suffrance, OF. sufrance, soufrance, F.
souffrance, L. sufferentia, from sufferens, -
entis, p. pr. of sufferre. See Suffer.]
1. The state of suffering; the bearing of pain;
He must not only die the death, Shak.
But thy unkindness shall his death draw out
To lingering sufferance.
2. Pain endured; misery; suffering;
The seeming sufferances that you had
3. Loss; damage; injury. [Obs.]
A grievous . . . sufferance on most part of
their fleet. Shak.
4. Submission under difficult or oppressive
circumstances; patience; moderation. Chaucer.
But hasty heat tempering with sufferance
5. Negative consent by not forbidding or
hindering; toleration; permission; allowance; leave.
In their beginning they are weak and wan,
But soon, through sufferance, grow to fearful end.
Somewhiles by sufferance, and somewhiles by
special leave and favor, they erected to themselves
6. A permission granted by the customs
authorities for the shipment of goods. [Eng.]
Estate of sufferance (Law), the
holding by a tenant who came in by a lawful title, but remains, after
his right has expired, without positive leave of the owner.
Blackstone. -- On sufferance, by mere
toleration; as, to remain in a house on sufferance.
Syn. -- Endurance; pain; misery; inconvenience; patience;
moderation; toleration; permission.