Ten"e*ment (?), n. [OF. tenement a
holding, a fief, F. tènement, LL. tenementum, fr. L.
tenere to hold. See Tenant.] 1. (Feud.
Law) That which is held of another by service; property which one
holds of a lord or proprietor in consideration of some military or
pecuniary service; fief; fee.
2. (Common Law) Any species of permanent
property that may be held, so as to create a tenancy, as lands, houses,
rents, commons, an office, an advowson, a franchise, a right of common, a
peerage, and the like; -- called also free or frank
The thing held is a tenement, the possessor of it a
"tenant," and the manner of possession is called "tenure."
3. A dwelling house; a building for a habitation;
also, an apartment, or suite of rooms, in a building, used by one family;
often, a house erected to be rented.
4. Fig.: Dwelling; abode; habitation.
Who has informed us that a rational soul can inhabit no
tenement, unless it has just such a sort of
Tenement house, commonly, a dwelling house erected
for the purpose of being rented, and divided into separate apartments or
tenements for families. The term is often applied to apartment houses
occupied by poor families.
Syn. -- House; dwelling; habitation. -- Tenement,
House. There may be many houses under one roof, but they are
completely separated from each other by party walls. A tenement may
be detached by itself, or it may be part of a house divided off for the use
of a family.