U`ni*ver"sal (?), a. [L. universalis:
cf. F. universel, OF. also universal. See Universe.]
1. Of or pertaining to the universe; extending to,
including, or affecting, the whole number, quantity, or space; unlimited;
general; all-reaching; all-pervading; as, universal ruin;
universal good; universal benevolence or benefice.
"Anointed universal King." Milton.
The universal cause Pope.
Acts not by partial, but by general laws.
This universal frame began.
☞ Universal and its derivatives are used in common discourse
for general and its derivatives. See General.
2. Constituting or considered as a whole; total;
entire; whole; as, the universal world. Shak.
At which the universal host up dent Milton.
A shout that tore Hell's concave.
3. (Mech.) Adapted or adaptable to all or to
various uses, shapes, sizes, etc.; as, a universal milling
4. (Logic) Forming the whole of a genus;
relatively unlimited in extension; affirmed or denied of the whole of a
subject; as, a universal proposition; -- opposed to
particular; e. g. (universal affirmative) All men are
animals; (universal negative) No men are omniscient.
Universal chuck (Mach.), a chuck, as for a
lathe, having jaws which can be moved simultaneously so as to grasp objects
of various sizes. -- Universal church, the whole
church of God in the world; the catholic church. See the Note under
Catholic, a., 1. -- Universal
coupling. (Mach.) Same as Universal joint,
below. -- Universal dial, a dial by which the
hour may be found in any part of the world, or under any elevation of the
pole. -- Universal instrument (Astron.),
a species of altitude and azimuth instrument, the peculiarity of which
is, that the object end of the telescope is placed at right angles to the
eye end, with a prism of total reflection at the angle, and the eye end
constitutes a portion of the horizontal axis of the instrument, having the
eyepiece at the pivot and in the center of the altitude circle, so that the
eye has convenient access to both at the same time. --
Universal joint (Mach.), a contrivance used
for joining two shafts or parts of a machine endwise, so that the one may
give rotary motion to the other when forming an angle with it, or may move
freely in all directions with respect to the other, as by means of a cross
connecting the forked ends of the two shafts (Fig. 1). Since this joint can
not act when the angle of the shafts is less than 140°, a double joint
of the same kind is sometimes used for giving rotary motion at angles less
than 140° (Fig. 2). -- Universal umbel
(Bot.), a primary or general umbel; the first or largest set of
rays in a compound umbel; -- opposed to partial umbel. A
universal involucre is not unfrequently placed at the foot of a
Syn. -- General; all; whole; total. See General.
U`ni*ver"sal, n. 1. The
whole; the general system of the universe; the universe. [Obs.]
Plato calleth God the cause and original, the nature and
reason, of the universal. Sir W. Raleigh.
2. (Logic) (a) A general
abstract conception, so called from being universally applicable to, or
predicable of, each individual or species contained under it.
(b) A universal proposition. See Universal,