Pres"ent (?), a. [F.
présent, L. praesens,-entis, that is
before one, in sight or at hand, p. p. of praeesse to be
before; prae before + esse to be. See
1. Being at hand, within reach or call, within
certain contemplated limits; -- opposed to absent.
These things have I spoken unto you, being yet
present with you. John xiv. 25.
2. Now existing, or in process; begun but not
ended; now in view, or under consideration; being at this time; not
past or future; as, the present session of Congress; the
present state of affairs; the present
I'll bring thee to the present
3. Not delayed; immediate; instant;
coincident. "A present recompense." "A present
An ambassador . . . desires a present
4. Ready; quick in emergency; as a
present wit. [R.]
5. Favorably attentive; propitious.
To find a god so present to my
Present tense (Gram.), the tense or
form of a verb which expresses action or being in the present time;
as, I am writing, I write, or I do
Pre*sent" (?), v. t. [imp. & p.
p. Presented; p. pr. & vb. n.
Presenting.] [F. présenter, L.
praesentare, fr. praesens, a. See Present,
a.] 1. To bring or introduce
into the presence of some one, especially of a superior; to introduce
formally; to offer for acquaintance; as, to present an envoy to
the king; (with the reciprocal pronoun) to come into the presence of a
Now there was a day when the sons of God came to
present themselves before the lord. Job i.
2. To exhibit or offer to view or notice; to
lay before one's perception or cognizance; to set forth; to
present a fine appearance.
Lectorides's memory is ever . . . presenting him
with the thoughts of other persons. I. Watts.
3. To pass over, esp. in a ceremonious manner;
to give in charge or possession; to deliver; to make over.
So ladies in romance assist their knight,
Present the spear, and arm him for the fight.
4. To make a gift of; to bestow; to give,
generally in a formal or ceremonious manner; to grant; to
My last, least offering, I present thee
5. Hence: To endow; to bestow a gift upon; to
favor, as with a donation; also, to court by gifts.
Octavia presented the poet for him admirable
elegy on her son Marcellus. Dryden.
6. To present; to personate. [Obs.]
7. In specific uses; (a) To
nominate to an ecclesiastical benefice; to offer to the bishop or
ordinary as a candidate for institution.
The patron of a church may present his clerk to
a parsonage or vicarage; that is, may offer him to the bishop of the
diocese to be instituted. Blackstone.
(b) To nominate for support at a public school
or other institution . Lamb. (c) To
lay before a public body, or an official, for consideration, as before
a legislature, a court of judicature, a corporation, etc.; as, to
present a memorial, petition, remonstrance, or
indictment. (d) To lay before a court as an
object of inquiry; to give notice officially of, as a crime of
offence; to find or represent judicially; as, a grand jury
present certain offenses or nuisances, or whatever they think
to be public injuries. (e) To bring an
indictment against . [U.S] (f) To aim,
point, or direct, as a weapon; as, to present a pistol or the
point of a sword to the breast of another.
Pesent arms (Mil.), the command in
response to which the gun is carried perpendicularly in front of the
center of the body, and held there with the left hand grasping it at
the lower band, and the right hand grasping the small of the stock, in
token of respect, as in saluting a superior officer; also, the
position taken at such a command.
Pre*sent" (?), n. (Mil.) The
position of a soldier in presenting arms; as, to stand at
Pres"ent (?), n. [F.
présent .] Anything presented or given; a gift; a
donative; as, a Christmas present.
Syn. -- Gift; donation; donative; benefaction. See
Pre*sent", v. i. (Med.) To
appear at the mouth of the uterus so as to be perceptible to the
finger in vaginal examination; -- said of a part of an infant during
Pres"ent, n. [Cf. F.
présent. See Present, a.]
1. Present time; the time being; time in progress
now, or at the moment contemplated; as, at this
Past and present, wound in one.
2. pl. (Law) Present letters or
instrument, as a deed of conveyance, a lease, letter of attorney, or
other writing; as in the phrase, " Know all men by these
presents," that is, by the writing itself, " per has literas
praesentes; " -- in this sense, rarely used in the
3. (Gram.) A present tense, or the form
of the verb denoting the present tense.
At present, at the present time; now. --
For the present, for the tine being;
temporarily. -- In present, at once,
without delay. [Obs.] "With them, in present, half his
kingdom; the rest to follow at his death." Milton.