Res"i*dence (r?z"?-dens), n. [F. résidence. See Resident.] 1. The act or fact of residing, abiding, or dwelling in a place for some continuance of time; as, the residence of an American in France or Italy for a year.

The confessor had often made considerable residences in Normandy.
Sir M. Hale.

2. The place where one resides; an abode; a dwelling or habitation; esp., a settled or permanent home or domicile. "Near the residence of Posthumus." Shak.

Johnson took up his residence in London.

3. (Eng.Eccl.Law) The residing of an incumbent on his benefice; -- opposed to nonresidence.

4. The place where anything rests permanently.

But when a king sets himself to bandy against the highest court and residence of all his regal power, he then, . . . fights against his own majesty and kingship.

5. Subsidence, as of a sediment. [Obs.] Bacon.

6. That which falls to the bottom of liquors; sediment; also, refuse; residuum. [Obs.] Jer. Taylor.

Syn. -- Domiciliation; sojourn; stay; abode; home; dwelling; habitation; domicile; mansion.