Sub*ject" (?), v. t. [imp. & p.
p. Subjected (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
Subjecting.] 1. To bring under control,
power, or dominion; to make subject; to subordinate; to
Firmness of mind that subjects every
gratification of sense to the rule of right reason. C.
In one short view subjected to our eye,
Gods, emperors, heroes, sages, beauties, lie.
He is the most subjected, the most ?nslaved,
who is so in his understanding. Locke.
2. To expose; to make obnoxious or liable; as,
credulity subjects a person to impositions.
3. To submit; to make accountable.
God is not bound to subject his ways of
operation to the scrutiny of our thoughts.
4. To make subservient.
Subjected to his service angel
5. To cause to undergo; as, to subject
a substance to a white heat; to subject a person to a rigid
Sub*ject", n. [From L. subjectus,
through an old form of F. sujet. See Subject,
a.] 1. That which is placed
under the authority, dominion, control, or influence of something
2. Specifically: One who is under the
authority of a ruler and is governed by his laws; one who owes
allegiance to a sovereign or a sovereign state; as, a subject
of Queen Victoria; a British subject; a subject of the
Was never subject longed to be a king,
As I do long and wish to be a subject.
The subject must obey his prince, because God
commands it, human laws require it. Swift.
☞ In international law, the term subject is convertible
3. That which is subjected, or submitted to,
any physical operation or process; specifically (Anat.), a dead
body used for the purpose of dissection.
4. That which is brought under thought or
examination; that which is taken up for discussion, or concerning
which anything is said or done. "This subject for heroic
Make choice of a subject, beautiful and noble,
which . . . shall afford an ample field of matter wherein to
The unhappy subject of these
5. The person who is treated of; the hero of a
piece; the chief character.
Writers of particular lives . . . are apt to be
prejudiced in favor of their subject. C.
6. (Logic & Gram.) That of which
anything is affirmed or predicated; the theme of a proposition or
discourse; that which is spoken of; as, the nominative case is the
subject of the verb.
The subject of a proposition is that concerning
which anything is affirmed or denied. I.
7. That in which any quality, attribute, or
relation, whether spiritual or material, inheres, or to which any of
these appertain; substance; substratum.
That which manifests its qualities -- in other words,
that in which the appearing causes inhere, that to which they belong -
- is called their subject or substance, or
substratum. Sir W. Hamilton.
8. Hence, that substance or being which is
conscious of its own operations; the mind; the thinking agent or
principal; the ego. Cf. Object, n.,
The philosophers of mind have, in a manner, usurped and
appropriated this expression to themselves. Accordingly, in their
hands, the phrases conscious or thinking subject, and
subject, mean precisely the same thing. Sir W.
9. (Mus.) The principal theme, or
leading thought or phrase, on which a composition or a movement is
The earliest known form of subject is the
ecclesiastical cantus firmus, or plain song.
10. (Fine Arts) The incident, scene,
figure, group, etc., which it is the aim of the artist to
Sub*ject" (?), a. [OE. suget, OF.
souzget, sougit (in which the first part is L.
subtus below, fr. sub under), subgiet,
subject, F. sujet, from L. subjectus lying under,
subjected, p. p. of subjicere, subicere, to throw, lay,
place, or bring under; sub under + jacere to throw. See
Jet a shooting forth.] 1. Placed or
situated under; lying below, or in a lower situation. [Obs.]
2. Placed under the power of another;
specifically (International Law), owing allegiance to a
particular sovereign or state; as, Jamaica is subject to Great
Esau was never subject to Jacob.
3. Exposed; liable; prone; disposed; as, a
country subject to extreme heat; men subject to
All human things are subject to
4. Obedient; submissive.
Put them in mind to be subject to
principalities. Titus iii. 1.
Syn. -- Liable; subordinate; inferior; obnoxious; exposed.